Lying on the eastern part of the Indochinese peninsula, land strip of Vietnam shapes like the letter “S”.
The country borders China to the North, Laos to the West and Cambodia to lower West. Northeast is East Sea or so-called South China Sea, Southwest is the Gulf of Thailand. Its capital city has been Hanoi since the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976.
Vietnam was then unified under a Communist government, but was politically isolated and impoverished. In 1986, the government initiated a series of economic and political reforms, which began Vietnam’s path towards integration into the world economy.
By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with most nations. Its economic growth has been among the highest in the world since 2000, and according to Citigroup, such high growth is set to continue. Vietnam has the highest Global Growth Generators Index among 11 major economies, and its successful economic reforms resulted in it joining the World Trade Organization in 2007. However, the country still suffers from relatively high levels of income inequality, disparities in healthcare provision, and poor gender equality.
Time: GMT +7 hours.
Geography of Vietnam:
Vietnam is located on the eastern Indochina Peninsula between the latitudes 8° and 24°N, and the longitudes 102° and 110°E. It covers a total area of approximately 331,210 km2 (127,881 sq mi), excluding the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa islands, making it almost the size of Germany. The combined length of the country’s land boundaries is 4,639 km (2,883 mi), and its coastline is 3,444 km (2,140 mi) long. Vietnam’s land is mostly hilly and densely forested, with level land covering no more than 20%. Mountains account for 40% of the country’s land area, and tropical forests cover around 42%.
The northern part of the country consists mostly of highlands and the Red River Delta. Phan Xi Pang, located in Lào Cai province, is the highest mountain in Vietnam, standing 3,143 m (10,312 ft) high. Southern Vietnam is divided into coastal lowlands, the mountains of the Annamite Range, and extensive forests. Comprising five relatively flat plateaus of basalt soil, the highlands account for 16% of the country’s arable land and 22% of its total forested land. The soil in much of southern Vietnam is relatively poor in nutrients.
The Red River Delta (also known as the Sông H?ng), a flat, roughly triangular region covering 15,000 km2 (5,792 sq mi), is smaller but more intensely developed and more densely populated than the Mekong River Delta. Once an inlet of the Gulf of Tonkin, it has been filled in over the millennia by riverine alluvial deposits, and it advances 100 meters (328.1 ft) into the Gulf annually. The Mekong delta, covering about 40,000 km2 (15,444 sq mi), is a low-level plain no more than 3 meters (9.8 ft) above sea level at any point. It is criss-crossed by a maze of rivers and canals, which carry so much sediment that the delta advances 60 to 80 meters (196.9 to 262.5 ft) into the sea every year.
The country’s total length from north to south is 1,650km. Its width, stretching from east to west, is 600km at the widest point in the north, 400km in the south, and 50km at the narrowest part, in the centre, in Quang Binh Province. The coastline is 3,260km long and the inland border is 4,510km.
Vietnam is also a transport junction from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
- Official Country Name: Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
- National Day: 2 September 1945
The National Flag of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam has the shape of a rectangular with its width being equal to two-thirds of its length, red background and a five-pointed yellow star in the middle. The red fl ag with yellow star appeared for the fi rst time in the Nam Ky Uprising (23 November 1940). This fl ag was recognized as the National Flag of Viet Nam by the Decree signed by President Ho Chi Minh on 5 September 1945 and was adopted as the National Flag of Viet Nam by the First National Assembly (at its first session) on 2 March 1946.
The National Emblem of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam was approved by the First National Assembly (at its fifth session in September 1955). The National Emblem is circular in shape with red background. The five-pointed yellow star in the middle symbolizes the
revolutionary history of the nation. The surrounding rice ears symbolize agriculture. Half a cogwheel symbolizes industry and below is the inscription “Socialist Republic of Viet Nam”.
The song “March to the Front” was composed by Van Cao (1923-1995) in late 1944. Soon after its release, the song became the offi cial song of the Viet Minh Front. Later, it was approved by the First National Assembly (at its first session) to be the National Anthem of Viet Nam.
- Area: 331.051,4 km2
- Population: over 90.600.000 people (since 2014)
- Capital: Hanoi
- New Year: 1 January
- Tet Nguyen Dan (Lunar New year): four-day holiday (last day of the old year and three first days of the new year in Lunar Calendar)
- Hung Kings Worshiping Festival: 10 March in Lunar Calendar
- Reunification Day: 30 April
- International Labor Day: 1 May
- National Day: 2 September
Vietnam has 64 administrative division including 05 central cities
• Captial City
Hanoi, Capital of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, is the political, economic and cultural centre of the country. Throughout the history, Hanoi was Viet Nam’s capital invarious dynasties. In 2010, Hanoi will celebrate the 1,000th Anniversary of Thang Long – Hanoi (in 1010, King Ly Thai To issued a proclamation of transferring the capital from Hoa Lu (Ninh Binh) to Thang Long – Hanoi today).
Hanoi has an area of 3,300 sq km and population of around 6.44 million people – one of the 17 largest capital cities in the world in terms of area.
• Ho Chi Minh City: the biggest city of the country, Mekong delta in the South, 1730 Km, 02 hours flight from Hanoi.
• Hai Phong: Port city, 102 km – 02 hours driving from Hanoi,
• Danang: Getaway city to Centre Vietnam. 763 km from Hanoi, 947 km from Ho Chi Minh City. 01 hour and 10 minutes flying from either Hanoi or Ho Chi Minh City
• Can Tho: Centre Mekong delta, 186 km, 3 hours and half driving from Ho Chi Minh City. ”
Vietnam on Google Maps
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